Use of English PRO

Word Formation - (C2) Certificate of Proficiency in English

For Questions 1-8, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals to form a word that fits in the gap. There is an example at the beginning (0).

The central square

The central square is a (0) TYPICAL (TYPE) feature of the European city. Most cities began as commercial centres, the original (1) ............ (SETTLE) growing up around a marketplace that was a (2) ............ (FOCUS) point for the local agricultural community. Even where cities developed for (3) ............ (STRATEGY) reasons, like those near castles guarding key routes, the establishment of a market square often heralded truly urban development. As the city grew and became (4) ............ (PROSPER) so the square became the centre of the community, and prominent public buildings and private houses were constructed around rt.The physical sense of enclosure helped to give the city its (5) ............ (IDENTIFY), and the square became the obvious meeting place for its citizens. It was where they gathered at festival time, and where they went to protest in times of (6) ............ (REST) Today, despite the trend for commercial activities to leave the central area and (7) ............ (LOCATE) in the suburbs, the square remains an important part of a city's identity, in stark contrast to the seeming (8) ............ (ANONYMOUS) of modern suburban development. For this reason, it is still regarded as significant by town planners.

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