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Missing Paragraphs - (C1) Advanced Certificate of English

You are going to read an article. A number of sentences/paragraphs have been removed from the text. Choose from the sentences the one that fits each gap.

From hacking to crime

Known by the name of Bug Hunter, the hacker said he broke into the files for the pleasure of seeing the welcome, "Good afternoon, HRH Duke of Edinburgh."
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He typed 1234, which turned out to be a testing file with access to all the Prestel code numbers.
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Hacking started as an intellectual game among fanatical American computer enthusiasts. They enjoyed cracking the private codes of large business computers and creating more or less harmless chaos in their files. But now the practice has spread to computer fraud, and to the reading of confidential information.
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Once a hacker has a genuine user s network identity, he can run up bills for electronic mail and telexes, and read all the user s private mail. It is almost impossible to detect the unauthorised use of the service.
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Much more serious than amateur hacking is the professional computer fraud. Millions of pounds have been stolen from financial institutions through computer fraud, usually by the illegal transfer of funds to foreign bank accounts.
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Only a fraction of such crimes are reported because companies fear the publicity would damage customer confidence. And the publicity would be harmful.
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